Canola, field peas flowering, soil moisture mostly good to excellent

Alberta crop conditions as of July 5

Crop condition ratings improved in all regions of the province with the greatest improvement occurring in the South and Central regions.

Precipitation in the form of frequent showers prevailed throughout the province and was much welcomed in the dry western areas though the precipitation was an unwanted impediment to those spraying fungicides or baling hay. Crop condition ratings rose 2 percentage points on the week to 81 per cent of the province rated good or excellent compared to the 5 year average of 71 per cent. Last year, only 27 per cent of the province was rated good or excellent at this time. Spring wheat, barley and canola ratings improved 2 points on the week with oats and field pea ratings up 1 percentage point.

Crop development finds much of the canola and field peas in flower with a small amount of podding occurring in the earlier areas. Cereals are entering their reproductive growth stage with much of the crop in the flag leaf to early head emergence stages. Pollination should be in full swing in the next 7 – 10 days, very much on average.

Surface soil moisture ratings improved 6 percentage points to 81 per cent rated good or excellent, though excessive moisture ratings also rose by 1 point to 2.4 per cent of the province due to the continuing wet weather. Subsoil moisture ratings improved to 71 per cent good or excellent, up 6 points on the week. Rating improvements were noted in all regions.

Pasture ratings improved in all regions to 74 per cent good or excellent, up 4 percentage points. Hay crops are less able to appreciate the improve moisture conditions based on their current growth stage, but rose 3 percentage points to 71 per cent good or excellent condition in anticipation of a promising second cut in late August.

Click here to read the full report on the Alberta Agriculture website, complete with graphics and a breakdown by regions.

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