U.S. livestock: Lean hog futures rise as corn surge seen squeezing supply

Cash prices pressure nearby live cattle futures

CME February 2021 lean hogs with 20-, 50- and 100-day moving averages. (Barchart)

Chicago | Reuters — U.S. lean hog futures firmed Tuesday on higher cash hog prices and improving pork packer margins and as soaring feed costs stoked concerns about tighter hog supplies.

Corn futures prices surged more than five per cent on Tuesday after the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) slashed its 2020 harvest estimate, with prices of the key feed grain hitting their highest in 6-1/2 years.

“Higher corn prices are expected to cap production in terms of any recovery from the herd liquidation,” said Doug Houghton, analyst at Brock Capital Management.

“Smaller hog supplies are already expected but very expensive corn is going to cause further cutbacks or lower feeding rates and lighter slaughter weights,” he said, adding that potential cutbacks were most supportive to deferred hog futures contracts.

Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) February lean hogs rose 0.025 cent to 68.5 cents/lb., while deferred contracts were up 0.575-1.2 cents (all figures US$).

Cash pork prices hovered near a two-month high on Tuesday, according to USDA.

Meanwhile, estimated pork packer margins improved to $45.70 per head on Tuesday, up from $40.60 on Monday and $33.10 a week ago, according to livestock marketing advisory service HedgersEdge.com.

Live cattle futures ended mixed on Tuesday, with nearby contracts pressured by a weak tone to the cash market. The actively traded February contract ended 0.925 cent lower at 112.475 cents/lb.

Feeder cattle futures fell sharply on soaring corn prices, with March, the most active contract, ending down 2.925 cents at 133.975 cents/lb.

— Karl Plume reports on agriculture and ag commodities for Reuters from Chicago.

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