Agrium fires back at Jana’s plan to split company

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Canadian fertilizer company Agrium Inc. will not split its wholesale and retail divisions as its biggest shareholder, Jana Partners, wants because doing so would “destroy value” for shareholders, chief executive Mike Wilson said Jan. 28.

Wilson was speaking in New York to Agrium’s sell-side analysts in an attempt to blunt Jana’s move to replace some of Agrium’s board and effect changes that Jana says would increase returns to investors. He ruled out a breakup of the company, and released a sharply higher earnings forecast for the fast-growing retail division, which sells seed, fertilizer and chemicals to farmers.

Wilson said Jana preferred to talk to Agrium’s shareholders and analysts rather than to the company itself, although Agrium and Jana had reached an understanding last spring that they would keep their talks on improving the company private.

“They’ll say one thing and do the opposite… They’re good at breaking up companies,” Wilson said. “They’re very good at saying, ‘Why not just engage some ideas?’ The answer is, if we do, we’ll destroy value for our company, and we’re not about to do that.”

The company forecast that EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) for the retail business would climb to $1.3 billion by 2015, up from its previous target of $1 billion and a jump of over two-thirds from 2011. The growth will come mainly from its pending purchase of Viterra’s retail chain, smaller buys and organic growth, Agrium said.

The revised forecast comes after the company boosted its fourth-quarter profit outlook.

Wilson said a share buyback last year and increases in the company’s dividend have had nothing to do with the pressure put on Agrium, the largest U.S. farm retailer, by Jana.

Jana, a New York-based hedge fund that owns six per cent of Agrium, said the presentation marks Agrium’s first detailed response to its questions since it started raising them about eight months ago.

But it said Agrium failed to address the key problem of a lack of relevant experience and shareholder input on the board, and chided the company for being dismissive and thin skinned.

“Nowhere has Agrium made a case that shareholders would not benefit from the experience and shareholder perspective that our candidates bring, nor have they explained why shareholders should have blind faith in a board which repeatedly failed to address basic issues like capital allocation and disclosure until we pressed them to do so,” Jana said in a statement.

Along with splitting the wholesale and retail divisions, Jana wants the company to make better use of capital, control retail and corporate costs and improve disclosure.

Wilson said keeping Agrium’s wholesale side — which produces nitrogen and mines potash and phosphate — combined with its chain of farm retail stores, helps the company understand supply-and-demand fundamentals, giving it an advantage in a highly competitive sector.

Jana has raised concerns about the geographic overlap among Agrium’s more than 900 farm retail stores in North America. But vice-president of distribution Tom Warner said Agrium has closed 20 per cent of its U.S. farm stores in the past seven years, and needs to remain in some areas to win farmers’ business.

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