The United States government declared much of the central and southern U.S. Wheat Belt a natural disaster area on Jan. 9 due to persistent drought that imperils this year’s winter wheat harvest.
In its first disaster declaration of the new year, the U.S. Agriculture Department (USDA) made growers in large portions of four major wheat-growing states — Kansas, Colorado, Oklahoma and Texas — eligible for low-interest emergency loans.
The four states grew one-third of the U.S. wheat crop last year. Kansas was the No. 1 state at 382 million bushels.
In all, USDA listed 597 counties in 14 states as natural disaster areas. They suffered from at least severe to in some instances extraordinary drought for eight weeks in a row to qualify for the designation.
More than half of them, 351 counties, were in the Wheat Belt, running through the Plains from Texas to North Dakota. All but one of Oklahoma’s 77 counties were termed disaster areas, along with 88 of Kansas’s 108 counties, 30 of Colorado’s 64 counties and 157 of Texas’s 254 counties.
Crop condition ratings for winter wheat were the worst on record in early December, the most recent figures available. Some experts said up to a quarter of the crop will be abandoned because of poor development.
Winter wheat, the dominant U.S. wheat variety, is seeded in the fall, goes dormant during the winter and is harvested the following spring.
USDA also declared as natural disaster areas 14 counties in Alabama, 47 counties in Arkansas, four counties in Arizona, 92 counties in Georgia, two counties in Hawaii, 31 counties in Missouri, 19 counties in New Mexico, nine counties in Nevada, 11 counties in South Carolina and 17 counties in Utah.
In 2012, USDA designated 2,245 counties in 39 states as disaster areas due to drought.
Some 42 per cent of the contiguous 48 states were under severe to extraordinary drought, according to U.S. officials. The worst of the drought was in the Great Plains.