The World Society for the Protection of Animals reports makes these recommendations for animal transport in Canada
Since long journeys are likely to have more detrimental effects on the health and welfare of the animals, the duration and frequency of transport should be reduced.
Canada allows farm animals to be transported for too long before receiving food, water and rest. A significant decrease is needed.
The criteria used to designate unfit or compromised animals should be clarified and broadened. By deciding not to transport these animals in the first place, the number of deads on arrival will be reduced as well as animal suffering.
Mandatory maximum loading densities should be established that allow animals to stand in their natural position or to lie down comfortably (taking into consideration species preferences, weight, temperature, trip duration etc.).
All new livestock vehicles should be equipped with automatic cooling and heating systems and temperature probes linked to an alarm system. Where this is not possible, animals should not be transported in extreme weather conditions, and extreme weather conditions should be defined.
Training in humane handling, including some knowledge of animal welfare and behaviour, should be mandatory for all drivers and animal handlers. Anyone handling farm animals should be able to assess animal behaviour and the state of an individual animal’s well-being in order to recognize signs of discomfort for each species transported.
The use of electric prods should be completely prohibited. Training in animal behaviour and handling should eliminate reliance on prods.