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Rain Soaks Brazil’s Bumper Soy Crop

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Wet weather continues to favour Brazil’s bumper soybean crop, the bulk of which is still a couple months away from being ready for harvest, weather forecaster Somar said Jan. 11.

Mato Grosso and the rest of the centre-west got healthy rainfall over the previous weekend and was expected to see ample rains last week. Despite harvest’s having begun in late 2009, much of the state’s crop is still maturing.

The southern soybean states of No. 2 producer Parana and No. 3 producer Rio Grande do Sul have been getting lots of rain this season. The two states plant and harvest later than the centre-west. The rain at this stage of the crop are favourable.

As of Jan. 11 Rio Grande do Sul had already received 25 per cent more rainfall than it normally gets over the entire month of January. Part of the state’s soy growing region got more than 100 mm (3.94 inches) over the Jan. 9-10 weekend alone.

“A cold front is between Parana and Sao Paulo states, where it is organizing moisture from the Amazon and the result is strong rains in the growing regions of Parana, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso,” Somar said in a soy weather bulletin.

Rainfall has been average to above average in all of Brazil’s main soy growing states so far this planting season, which started in mid-September.

Brazil is expected to produce a record soy crop of roughly 63 to 65 million tonnes this year.

The ample moisture over the grain belt has increased outbreaks of diseases such as Asian soy rust but the wet weather is expected to favour the crop more than hurt it, with the bulk of harvest still at least two months off.

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